Journal of Extension Education <p><strong>The <em>Journal of Extension Education (JEE)</em> is a peer-reviewed open-access journal in the field of extension education published by the Extension Education Society (EES).</strong></p>The journal is published in both <em>print</em> and <em>online</em><em> </em>versions. [<strong>Print ISSN: 0971-3123; Online ISSN: 2456-1282</strong>]. The CODEN assigned to JEE is <strong><em>JEEOBM</em> .</strong><br /><p><strong><br /></strong></p> Extension Education Society (EES) en-US Journal of Extension Education 0971-3123 <p><span>Authors who publish with JEE agree to the following terms:</span><br /><br /></p><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors retain copyright and grant JEE right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ul></ol><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ul></ol><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ul></ol><p>Extension Education Society</p><p><a href=""></a></p><p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p><p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Role of Institutional and Policy Factors in Influencing Adaptations to Climate Change <p><em>The purpose of the study was to understand the role of institutional and policy factors in </em><em>influencing the climate change adaptations by the farmers. The study was conducted in a climate </em><em>vulnerable district of Andhra Pradesh, India by covering 90 farmer households through structured </em><em>interviews and Focus Group Discussions. The selected villages had the climate change related </em><em>projects implemented in the past. The findings revealed that while the farmers were aware of </em><em>climate change and adaptations, the adaptation decisions were largely influenced by the policy </em><em>factors like minimum support price, subsidies, loans, credit, market, extension, quality inputs, </em><em>weather advisory etc. There is a need for an enabling policy environment for the farmers to follow </em><em>the </em><em>adaptations and benefit from the same.</em></p> Vanitha Kommu Copyright (c) 2022 2023-09-06 2023-09-06 34 2 6790 6800 10.26725/JEE.2022.2.34.6790-6800 Impact Assessment of Farm Diversification Schemes in Haryana, India <p><em>Green revolution was capable of mitigating hunger and malnutrition but it had </em><em>reportedly made a negative impact in terms of soil and water degradation. Diversification was </em><em>also seen as one of the solutions to problems brought out by green revolution. As part of farm </em><em>diversification, the Haryana government has initiated programmes like Mera Pani Meri Virasat </em><em>(MPMV), Crop Cluster Development Programme (CCDP), Bhavantar Bharpayee Yojana (BBY) etc. This study </em><em>highlights the impact of MPMV Scheme in a detailed way. It was undertaken in three agro ecological </em><em>zones of the Indian state of Haryana. One district from each agro- ecological zone was chosen. From </em><em>each district, 60 farmers were contacted. The study reveals that there is only limited acceptance </em><em>of new diversification schemes among farmers as it is reflected in their area of adoption. Adequate </em><em>amount of incentives and timely provision of the compensation amount are likely to further improve </em><em>the utilization of these programmes among farmers.</em></p> Elizabeth Jose K.Ponnusamy Copyright (c) 2022 2023-09-06 2023-09-06 34 2 6801 6809 10.26725/JEE.2022.2.34.6801-6809 Attitude of Undergraduate Students in Rural Colleges of Kashmir Valley towards Experiential Learning <p><em>Experiential learning, which is the process of learning through direct experience and </em><em>reflection, is a core component of contemporary education system. The present study attempted to </em><em>explore the attitude of undergraduate students in rural degree colleges of Kashmir valley in the </em><em>state of Jammu &amp; Kashmir, towards experiential learning. Altogether, 150 undergraduate students </em><em>pursuing bachelor’s programme in various rural government degree colleges, were identified for the </em><em>study through randomization. The 25 item- questionnaire was administered to measure the attitude </em><em>towards experiential learning. Various statistical techniques and graphical representations such as </em><em>mean, standard deviation, percentage, 2x2 factorial design were employed. The study established </em><em>that attitude towards experiential learning differs significantly with respect to gender </em><em>and academic stream among the undergraduate students.</em></p> Mehraj ud Din Sheikh Debendra Nath Dash Sajad Ahmad Mir Copyright (c) 2022 2023-09-06 2023-09-06 34 2 6810 6816 10.26725/JEE.2022.2.34.6810-6816 Constraints Encountered by Beneficiary Farmers and Extension Personnel of Agro Service Centres in Kerala and Suggestions for Improvement <p><em>The present study was conducted among the beneficiary farmers and extension personnel of Agro </em><br /><em>Service Centres (ASCs) in Kerala, India during the year 2018-19. The sample of the study comprised </em><br /><em>120 farmers from purposively selected 26 Agro Service Centres and 60 Extension agents. Based on the </em><em>detailed analysis and interpretation of different constraints faced by farmers and extension </em><br /><em>personnel, it was found that lack of subsidy for farm inputs was the major constraint faced by the </em><br /><em>beneficiary farmers and the discontinuance of service providers of Agro Service Centres for better </em><br /><em>jobs was the major constraint faced by the extension personnel working in Agro Service Centres. </em><br /><em>Better coordination among different extension agencies, periodic monitoring and evaluation of the </em><br /><em>activities of ASCs by government officials, and improvement in the basic infrastructural facilities </em><em>are considered some of the ways to improve the functioning of existing Agro Service </em><em>Centres in the state of Kerala.</em></p> Safna Vatakke Kandy Meethal Yoosuf B Seema Copyright (c) 2022 2023-09-06 2023-09-06 34 2 6817 6822 10.26725/JEE.2022.2.34.6817-6822 An In-Depth Study of Farmers’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Organic Farming in Uttar Pradesh, India <p><em>Organic farming has the ability to reduce the adverse consequences of modern farming methods and to </em><em>support rural development. This study attempts to investigate the farmers’ knowledge and attitude </em><em>towards organic agriculture where limited prior research had been conducted, in Mirzapur District </em><em>of Uttar Pradesh, India. Out of 12 blocks in the district, two blocks namely Pahari and Manjhwa, </em><em>were chosen purposively for the study. From each block two villages and from each village, 30 </em><em>farmers were selected. A total of 120 respondents formed the sample. The results revealed that a </em><em>majority of farmers were well aware of organic farming and have a favorable attitude toward </em><em>organic farming. There exists an association between age, education &amp; annual income and the </em><em>factors influencing the attitude of farmers toward organic farming.</em></p> Pushpa Kumari Copyright (c) 2022 2023-09-06 2023-09-06 34 2 6823 6830 10.26725/JEE.2022.2.34.6823-6830 Perception of Farmers towards Mobile Based Extension Agro Advisory Services in Nagaland, India <p><em>The agricultural extension services in the North East region of India are not only hindered by </em><em>limited resources and scarcity of trained staff at state &amp; regional level but also by the </em><em>remoteness of the villages. Many villages remain inaccessible particularly during monsoon, due to </em><em>poor road connectivity. The major technology dissemination approach adopted so far had been the </em><em>traditional direct interaction and field level practical demonstration at the community level. The </em><em>facility of toll-free modern smart phone based information and communication technology (ICT) </em><em>service has been started and is gaining momentum. An attempt has been made to collect the data from </em><em>200 farmers of Tseminyu district of Nagaland State based on proportionate random sampling (PPS) </em><em>technique to know the impact of mobile based extension agro advisory services in the region. </em><br /><em>Majority of the farmer respondents had perceived ‘yield increase’ , and ‘information of new </em><em>agricultural </em><em>technology’ as the major benefits of using the mobile -based agro- advisory services.</em></p> Sesenlo Kath Ruokuovilie Mezhatsu Copyright (c) 2022 2023-09-06 2023-09-06 34 2 6831 6834 10.26725/JEE.2022.2.34.6831-6834 From the Editor's Desk <p><strong><em>This editorial of JEE 34(2) deals with the challenges faced by innovative farmers</em></strong></p> PRATHAP D PUTHIRA Copyright (c) 2022 2023-09-06 2023-09-06 34 2 6789 6789 10.26725/JEE.2022.2.34.6789