Journal of Extension Education <p><strong>The <em>Journal of Extension Education (JEE)</em> is a peer-reviewed open-access journal in the field of extension education published by the Extension Education Society (EES).</strong></p>The journal is published in both <em>print</em> and <em>online</em><em> </em>versions. [<strong>Print ISSN: 0971-3123; Online ISSN: 2456-1282</strong>]. The CODEN assigned to JEE is <strong><em>JEEOBM</em> .</strong><br /><p><strong><br /></strong></p> en-US <p><span>Authors who publish with JEE agree to the following terms:</span><br /><br /></p><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors retain copyright and grant JEE right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ul></ol><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ul></ol><ol type="a"><ul><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ul></ol><p>Extension Education Society</p><p><a href=""></a></p><p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p><p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Dr. D Puthira Prathap) (JEE Technical Support) Sat, 08 Jan 2022 03:39:53 +0000 OJS 60 FROM THE EDITOR'S DESK <p><strong>EDITORIAL OF JOURNAL OF EXTENSION EDUCATION - 32 (4)</strong></p> D PUTHIRA PRATHAP Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Constraints in Production and Marketing of Arecanut in Salem District of Tamil Nadu, India <p><em>Arecanut is an important cash crop in our country. The study was carried out to ascertain </em><em>the constraints faced by arecanut farmers in Salem district of Tamil Nadu with a sample size of 120, </em><em>by employing proportionate random sampling technique. Majority of the respondents expressed lack </em><em>of specific grading of nuts in marketing as a constraint. More than three-fourths of the respondents </em><em>suggested that there should be a mechanism to regulate import of nuts from other countries and to </em><em>create market potential for nuts in the local markets.</em></p> V Mohanraj, R Velusamy Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Training and Demonstration on Integrated Crop Management in Transplanted Paddy in Chamarajanagar District of Karnataka, India <p><em>Altogether, 11 practices were selected as criteria to evaluate the farmers on the extent of </em><em>knowledge gained and adoption of rice production technologies as a result of training programmes </em><em>conducted by Krishi Vigyan Kendra in Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka. The study revealed that the </em><em>knowledge gained by farmers about the production technologies for rice ranged from 0% (mechanical </em><em>harvesting) to 100% (hybrid variety and weed management). The adoption of hybrid rice variety </em><em>KRH-4 was 100 % The results indicate that there are greater possibilities of increasing productivity </em><em>and profitability of the rice crop with adoption of improved techniques in Chamarajanagar district of </em><em>Karnataka, India.</em></p> M Sunil, Chandrakala Hanagi, G.S Yogesh Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Assessing the Overall Efficiency of two technologies of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh <p><em>A study was conducted to investigate the farmers’ response on the performance of two specific </em><em>Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU) technologies viz. BU dhan1 </em><em>and BU Hybrid lau1. In this connection, two districts of Northern Bangladesh were considered with </em><em>80 farmer respondents selected by simple random sampling technique to examine their responses on </em><em>technology performance, adoption, impacts, associated limitations with possible suggestions and </em><em>knowledge gap. Findings from this study reveal that the BU dhan1 had a high adoption level. In contrast,</em><br /><em>BU Hybrid lau1 had a low level of adoption. BU dhan1 performed well with low complexities when it </em><em>was cultivated in the field. The study further provides information that majority farmers showed low to </em><em>moderate knowledge gap in cultivating both of these technologies. Moreover, dried empty grains and less </em><em>market value were listed as major constraints faced by BU dhan1 growers, while BU Hybrid lau1 growers </em><em>suffered from severe virus attack during cultivation. Provisions of sufficient disease-free seed supply and </em><em>proper training facilities were suggested by all the farmers interviewed.</em></p> Md. Safiul Islam Afrad, Arafat Hossain Galib, Md. Enamul Haque, Mohammad Zakaria, Md. Hashmi Sakib, Md Mahfuzur Rahman , Afroza Awal Shoily Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of Agricultural Financing Awareness on Financial Problems of Agricultural Entrepreneurs <p><em>Agribusiness is characterized by uncertain returns and thus it confronts the agricultural </em><em>entrepreneurs with various situations that impede their capital requirement. This paper attempts to </em><em>understand the financial problems of agricultural entrepreneurs and to make a relational analysis of </em><em>their awareness of agricultural financing with their financial problems. The study was conducted in </em><em>Assam, situated in the northeastern part of India. Multi-stage sampling was used to reach 96 agricultural </em><em>entrepreneurs. It was found that the inadequate savings and cumbersome process in applying for a </em><em>loan were the major causes of financial problems of agricultural entrepreneurs and 64% of agricultural </em><em>entrepreneurs have medium level of awareness on agricultural financing. Analysing the influence of </em><em>agricultural financing awareness of agricultural entrepreneurs on their financial problems it is concluded </em><em>that with the increase in the agricultural financing awareness level of agricultural entrepreneurs their </em><em>financial problems can be reduced to a great extent.</em></p> Purnima Newar, Anjan Bhuyan Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Farmers’ perceptions on Drought, Technological preferences in Drought mitigation and their Implications in Mulberry Sericulture in South India <p><em>Due to widespread monsoon irregularities, farmers are facing drought situations intermittently. </em><em>Farmers’ participatory rural appraisal was conducted in selected silkworm growing clusters of South India </em><em>covering 300 farmers to determine how sericulture farmers perceive and cope with drought, to study the </em><em>technological preferences and their implications in mulberry, Morus alba leaf production &amp; rearing of </em><em>silkworm, Bombyx mori. The study revealed that drought is a major constraint for silk cocoon production </em><em>among 84 per cent of total farmers surveyed. The local drought perceptions described by farmers were </em><em>acute water shortage, dry and desiccating wind, drying of leaves in the silk worm rearing shed disease </em><em>outbreak in silkworms, spinning of small size cocoons, higher melting of cocoons and lesser Silk Ratio. </em><em>While studying the technological preferences, it was observed that farmers gave more importance to </em><em>technologies which have direct impact on silk cocoon yield.</em></p> Mahima Santhi, S Rajaram Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Association of Socio-demographic Characteristics with Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Solid Waste Management <p><em>The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of women's solid </em><em>waste management Practices in Rameshwaram, Ramanthapuram District, Tamil Nadu, India, to provide </em><em>a framework for experts and decision-makers to establish or enhance realistic solid waste management </em><em>(SWM) strategies. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among 400 women respondents, data </em><em>were collected using a standardized questionnaire on socio-economic characteristics and SWM. Results </em><em>suggested that there was correlation between age, population, occupation and annual income of </em><em>women with KAP to minimize, reuse, recycle and recover SWM. Implementing training programmes and</em><br /><em>encouraging municipalities and decision-makers to boost women's environmental performance could </em><em>significantly promote SWM strategies.</em></p> R Geetha, S Rajalakshmi Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Awareness about Muga Culture among the College Students in Jorhat District of Assam, India <p><em>A study was undertaken to compare the awareness about muga culture among the college </em><em>students in Jorhat district of Assam. Significant differences were found between the male and female </em><em>students, and between rural and urban students. On the other hand, significant differences were found in </em><em>the case of awareness on muga culture between Arts and Science stream students, and Arts &amp; Commerce </em><em>stream students.</em></p> Kumud Ghosh, M Saikia Copyright (c) 2020 Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000