Participation of Household Women in Undertaking Plant Health Management Practices in Home Gardens


  • Vandana Kumari PG Dept. of Home Science, M.D.D.M College , Muzaffarpur (B.R.A Bihar University, Muzaffarpur)



Decision; Family; Home garden; Income; Plant Health; Men; Women; Bihar


Women in the agricultural sector in India, particularly in Bihar face many socio-economic, educational and legal obstacles in realizing benefits of their efforts. This study assessed the role of women in untertaking plant health management practices in home gardens. One hundred households were interviewed and data were analyzed. The study indicated that decisions related to vegetable production and marketing within home gardens were mainly taken by women while the decisions on cereal and pulse crop production, management and utilization were made mainly by men. Men were the main decision makers in the management and utilization of cash crops that grow in the home garden. From the surveyed households, women were main decision makers for the management, consumption and marketing of fruit plants. In livestock production and management men were responsible for making decisions in large animals like cows while women had very little contribution on deciding about large ruminants. It was found that labor-intensive activities like land preparation, planting activities and marketing of products were mainly done by men while seed preservation, manuring, weeding and storage of produce were mainly done by women. The average time women spend in the home garden was six to eight hour/week while men spend four to five hours a week. Policies and strategies need to be developed to enhance the benefits of home gardens to both men and women.

Author Biography

Vandana Kumari, PG Dept. of Home Science, M.D.D.M College , Muzaffarpur (B.R.A Bihar University, Muzaffarpur)

Post Graduate Department of Home Science, MDDM College, Muzaffarpur 842 002 (BRA Bihar University,Muzaffarpur), Bihar, India


Abebe, T. & Mulu, D. (2017). The Role of Women in the Management and Utilization of Home Garden: The Case of Dale District, in Southern Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 7(4):41-54

Bajracharya, B. (1994). Gender Issues in Nepali Agriculture: A Review. C1994, (REP-7898. CIMMYT.).

Bunderson, T. W., El-Wakeel, A, Saad, Z. A., & Hashim, I. (1990). Agroforestry practices and potentials in western Sudan. In: Planning for agroforestry. Selected contributions from an international symposium, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (24-27 April 1989). (pp. 227-246). Elsevier Science Publishers.

FAO. (2000). Gender and food security. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Highlights. Women and Population Division. National Sectoral Report on Women in Pakistan. FAO, Rome

FAO. (2003). Gender and food security. Education, extension and communication. The uplift and empowerment of rural women in Pakistan. FAO, Rome

Galfato G. G. (2011). The role of women in home garden agroforestry system. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis. Hawassa College of Agriculture, Hawassa, Ethiopia, pp. 67.

Khanal S. & Khanal S. P. (2016). Assessment of women’s role in management of home garden in Sorabhag V.D.C Morang, Nepal, Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture & Health Sciences, 5 (2):124-128.

Ranjan S.K & Hedija, M. (2004). Introspection in to rural women empowerment in Ethiopia, Paper published in National Education Seminar proceedings Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia




How to Cite

Kumari, V. (2021). Participation of Household Women in Undertaking Plant Health Management Practices in Home Gardens. Journal of Extension Education, 32(3).